Periodontal or gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth, including inflammation and infection of gums, ligaments, and bone. It is a leading cause of tooth loss in Canadian adults, and studies indicate that at least 75% of North Americans over age 35 have some form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis (gums disease) and periodontitis (gums and bone disease) are the two main forms of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene and regular dental examinations are essential in prevention and early detection of gum disease – which sometimes develops without any warning signs, and can actually remain undetected until it becomes severe. For example, in a recent study, 8 out of 10 people surveyed believed they did not have periodontal disease, but 7 out of 10 exhibited one or more symptoms.
Symptoms of gum disease
- Bad breath
- Gum recession
- Gums that are swollen or bleed easily
- Sensitivity of teeth and gums
Addressing these conditions as early as possible is the best way to retain your natural teeth. A professional deep dental cleaning (scaling and root planing) targets bacteria and debris that irritate the gum tissue. In some cases your dentist may also need to implement procedures such as bone grafting or locally placed antibiotics.
To ensure that your oral health remains optimal, schedule regular check-ups and periodontal disease screenings at Bank Street Dentistry in Ottawa.